Your cart

Shipping and discount codes are added at checkout.


Manukau Refrains

for three percussionists and orchestra

Year:  2007   ·  Duration:  13m
Instrumentation:  2222; 2200; 3 perc; harp; strings

Year:  2007
Duration:  13m
Instrumentation  2222; 2200; 3 perc; harp; s...

John Rimmer

Composer:   John Rimmer

Films, Audio & Samples

Sample Score

Sample: Pages 1-8

See details ➔


To borrow items or hire parts please email SOUNZ directly at


Manukau Refrains is a delicate, colourful piece for 3 percussionists and community orchestra inspired by images of wading birds ('manukau'), shifting patterns of water and sand in an environment teeming with life. In performance, the percussionists are spaced apart with the timpani in their usual position at the rear of the orchestra and the marimba and vibraphone in front of the orchestra. Each percussionist also plays a variety of small non-tuned instruments such as guiros, small drums and Pacific log drums. After a soft introduction, the 'refrain' begins as a short rhythmic pattern played by the timpani and is extended on each of its repetitions. Gradually instruments from the orchestra are drawn into this activity which accelerates as the piece progresses. The music builds to a climax followed by a short coda which reminisces on the mood of the opening.

Commissioned note

Commissioned by the Manukau City Symphony Orchestra with the financial assistance of Creative New Zealand

Performance history

31 Mar 2007: Performed by the Manukau City Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Uwe Grodd at the Genesis Energy Theatre Manukau

01 Apr 2007: Performed by Jenny Raven, Judy Stokes and Vadim Simongauz (percussionists) and the Manukau City Symphony Orchestra conducted by Uwe Grodd at TelstraClear Pacific Events Centre

+ Read More