2222;2200;3 perc;harp;strings perc 1: timp, large susp. cym., snare,guiro,large log drum, small rain stick perc 2: marimba, medium suspended cymbal, snare drum, guiro, medium log drum perc 3: vibraphone, small suspended cymbal, snare drum, guiro, small log drum
‘Manukau Refrains’ is a delicate, colourful piece for 3 percussionists and community orchestra inspired by images of wading birds (‘manukau’), shifting patterns of water and sand in an environment teeming with life. In performance, the percussionists are spaced apart with the timpani in their usual position at the rear of the orchestra and the marimba and vibraphone in front of the orchestra. Each percussionist also plays a variety of small non-tuned instruments such as guiros, small drums and Pacific log drums. After a soft introduction, the ‘refrain’ begins as a short rhythmic pattern played by the timpani and is extended on each of its repetitions. Gradually instruments from the orchestra are drawn into this activity which accelerates as the piece progresses. The music builds to a climax followed by a short coda which reminisces on the mood of the opening.