Landscape - NZ
New Zealand’s land and landscapes are believed by many to have influenced the nation’s artistic output, and to have contributed to the formation of national style, identity, and character. Correspondingly, composers have often written works which directly allude to landscape (specific or general; pastoral, thermal or oceanic) through such aspects as programme notes, titles, use of landscape-based texts, or the inclusion of particular natural sounds. Douglas Lilburn, for example, connected landscapes with his instrumental works and also included recordings of natural sounds in some later electroacoustic works, and many of Larry Pruden’s compositions carry place-name titles. Many of John Rimmer’s electroacoustic and instrumental works have referenced landscapes, seascapes and birdsong, and his compositional techniques often employ ‘natural’ patterns such as Fibonacci sequences, or allude to patterns of ebb and flow. New Zealand-specific references (such as the mimicking of native birdsong, or the referencing of a unique geographic feature) contribute to the perception of a work as being of, and for, New Zealand.